Semantic Attention Flow Fields for
Monocular Dynamic Scene Decomposition

ICCV 2023

Yiqing Liang
Eliot Laidlaw
Alexander Meyerowitz
Srinath Sridhar
James Tompkin

Input video RGB (novel spacetime)
Decomposition (novel spacetime) Foreground (novel spacetime)


We present SAFF: a dynamic neural volume reconstruction of a casual monocular video that consists of time-varying color, density, scene flow, semantics, and attention information. The semantics and attention let us identify salient foreground objects separately from the background in arbitrary spacetime views. We add two network heads to represent the semantic and attention information. For optimization, we design semantic attention pyramids from DINO-ViT outputs that trade detail with whole-image context. After optimization, we perform a saliency-aware clustering to decompose the scene. For evaluation on real-world dynamic scene decomposition across spacetime, we annotate object masks in the NVIDIA Dynamic Scene Dataset. We demonstrate that SAFF can decompose dynamic scenes without affecting RGB or depth reconstruction quality, that volume-integrated SAFF outperforms 2D baselines, and that SAFF improves foreground/background segmentation over recent static/dynamic split methods. | PDF



    title={Semantic Attention Flow Fields for Monocular Dynamic Scene Decomposition},   
    author={Yiqing Liang and Eliot Laidlaw and Alexander Meyerowitz 
      and Srinath Sridhar and James Tompkin},
    booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)},
    month = {October},


Supplemental video results

Note: This page has 100+ videos. Each set of results will show/hide through a button to ease the burden on the browser.


0. Key aspects of our method

Key aspects of our method   🔝

Pyramid feature extraction

Semantic and saliency quality improves with our pyramid feature extraction approach.

Balloon NBoard sequence below shows low resolution raw semantics and saliency from DINO-ViT and our higher resolution versions on the right. Note: Features have been projected via PCA and so some color variation is expected; colors are not directly comparable.

Feature volume integration

Semantic and saliency quality improves further through volume integration.

Balloon NBoard sequence below shows the semantic and saliency input to the optimization process with the rendered output after optimization.

Saliency-aware clustering

Saliency-aware clustering improves decomposition.

DynamicFace sequence below shows the clustering results before saliency voting and before cluster merging.



The authors thank the computer vision community in New England for feedback, and acknowledge funding from NSF CNS-2038897 and an Amazon Research Award. Eliot Laidlaw was supported by a Randy F. Pausch '82 Computer Science Undergraduate Summer Research Award at Brown University.